Pablo Picasso was the foremost figure of the 20th century, in terms of art, and art movements that occurred over this era.
Who Was Pablo Picasso?
Before the age of fifty, his name became the well known popular in modern art, with the foremost distinct style and eye for art.
There had been no other artists, before Picasso, who had such an impression on the art world, or had a huge following of fans and critics alike, as he did.
Pablo Picasso was born on 25 October 1881 in Spain in 1881. He was raised there before happening to spend most of his adult life working as an artist in France.
Throughout the long course of his career, he created quite 20,000 paintings, drawings, sculptures, ceramics, and other items like costumes and theater sets.
Picasso’s ability to create great works in an astonishing range of designs, made him well respected during his own lifetime.
After his death in 1973, his value as an artist became the inspiration for other artists. He was without a doubt destined to permanently etch himself into the material of humanity together of the best artists of all time.
As an artist and an innovator, he was liable for co-founding the whole Cubist movement alongside Georges Braque.
Cubism was such a style of an artistic movement that changed the face of European painting and sculpture forever. Subjects and objects in Cubism were choppy into pieces and re-arranged in an abstract form.
From 1910 to 1920, when Pablo Picasso and Gorge Braque were laying the inspiration for Cubism in France, it’s effects were so far-reaching on inspiring offshoots just like the sorts of Futurism, Dada, and Constructivism in other countries.
Pablo Picasso invented constructed sculpture and the collage art style. He was also considered one among three artists within the twentieth century. He was also credited with defining the weather of plastic arts.
This revolutionary kind led society toward societal advances in painting, sculpture, printmaking, and ceramics by physically manipulating materials that had not previously been carved or shaped.
These materials weren’t just plastic. They could be molded into three dimensions.
That time artists used clay, plaster, precious metals, and wood to make revolutionary sculptural artwork. These types of work had never seen before that period.
I have categorized his life into four parts as childhood, early life, matured life, and last life.
Pablo Picasso’s Life
Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born in Málaga, Spain, on October 25 in 1881. It was an ingenious family.
Picasso’s mother was Doña Maria Picasso y Lopez. His father was Don José Ruiz Blasco, a painter and art teacher.
Pablo Picasso quickly showed signs of following an equivalent path of his father. His mother told that his first word was “piz,” a shortened version of pencil, and his father was his first teacher.
Picasso began formally studying art at the age of 11. Several paintings from his teenage years still exist, like First Communion (1895). His father groomed him to be an excellent artist by giving Picasso the best education as much as his family could afford.
In 1895, when Picasso was 14 years old, his seven-year-old sister died of diphtheria. His sister’s name was Conchita. His family moved to Barcelona in Spain, where he quickly applied to the city’s prestigious School of Fine Arts.
Although the school typically only accepted students several years his senior he was granted an exception because Picasso’s entrance exam was so extraordinary.
He started skipping classes so that he could roam the streets of Barcelona. He started sketching the city scenes that he observed.
Pablo Picasso’s few childhood paintings
In 1897, a 16-year-old Picasso moved to Madrid to attend the Royal Academy of San Fernando(city of California). However, he again became frustrated with his school’s singular focus on classical subjects and techniques.
In 1899, Picasso moved back to Barcelona again and fell in with a crowd of artists and intellectuals who made their headquarters at a café called El Quatre Gats (“The Four Cats”). For Picasso, it was one of his refuges of inspiration in the city.
During the years from 1900 to 1904, Picasso traveled frequently to spend time in Madrid and Paris. Although he began making sculptures during this point, One might see the beginnings of this in the artist’s sadness over the suicide of Carlos Casegemas. Carlos Casegemas was Picasso’s friend and he had met in Barcelona.
Pablo Picasso’s Blue Period(1900-1904)
Picasso was 19 years old in 1900.
The subjects of much of the Blue Period work were drawn from the beggars and prostitutes, encountered by Picasso in city streets.
The Old Guitarist (1903), “La Vie” and ‘Blue Nude’ were a typical examples of both the subject matter and the style of this phase.
Pablo Picasso’s Rose Period(1904-06).
Picasso was 23 years old in 1904.
In 1904, Picasso’s palette began to lighten, and for a year or more he painted in that style.
By 1905, Picasso had largely overcome the depression that had previously debilitated him.
The artistic manifestation of Picasso’s improved spirits was the introduction of warmer colors—including beiges, pinks, and reds.
That style has been characterized as his Rose Period(1904-06). ‘Gertrude Stein’ and ‘Two Nudes’ were examples of the Rose Period.
He focused on performers and circus figures, switching his palette to different shades of more uplifting reds and pinks.
Around 1906, soon after he had met artist Braque, his palette darkened, his forms became heavier and more solid in aspect, and he began to find his style towards Cubism.
Picasso’s first masterpiece was Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907). Although that work is now seen as a transition.
It was very crucial in his development since it was heavily influenced by African sculpture and ancient Iberian art.
A chilling depiction of five nude prostitutes, abstracted and distorted with sharp geometric features and stark blotches of blues, greens, and grays.
The work was unlike anything he or anyone else had ever painted before and would profoundly influence the direction of art in the 20th century.
It was said that he inspired Georges Braque to color his own first series of Cubist paintings. Sometimes they eagerly learned from one another.
They tried to outdo from each other in their fast-paced and competitive race to innovate.
They visited one another daily during their formulation of this radical technique.
Picasso described that he himself and Braque were like “two mountaineers, roped together.”
They depicted simultaneously multiple perspectives of an object by being fragmented and rearranged in splintered configurations in their shared vision.
Form and space became the foremost crucial elements then .
Both artists restricted their palettes to earth tones, in stark contrast with the brilliant colors used by the Fauves that had preceded them. Picasso had always an artist or a gaggle he collaborated with.
Braque biographer Alex Danchev wrote that Picasso’s “Braque period” was “the most concentrated and fruitful of his whole career.”
Picasso’s early Cubist paintings, known as his “Analytic Cubist” works, include “Three Women” (1907), “Bread and Fruit Dish on a Table” (1909), and “Girl with Mandolin” (1910).
His later Cubist works are distinguished as “Synthetic Cubism” for moving even further away from artistic typicalities of the time, creating vast collages out of a great number of tiny, individual fragments. These paintings include “Still Life with Chair Caning” (1912), “Card Player” (1913-14), and “Three Musicians” (1921).
He became less worried about representing the location of objects in space than in using shapes and motifs as signs to playfully giving hints to their presence.
He developed the technique of collage. He learned the collage art from Braque.
This phase was referred to as the “Synthetic” phase of Cubism. This art opened the chances of more decorative and playful compositions, and its versatility encouraged Picasso to still utilize it well within the 1920s.
Picasso had occasionally toyed with classical imagery for some years. He began to offer this play within the early 1920s.
His created figures became heavier and more massive. Classical Period: ‘Three Women at the Spring’
Picasso’s works between 1918 and 1927 are categorized as part of his “Classical Period,” a brief return to Realism in a career otherwise dominated by experimentation. The outbreak of World War 1 ushered in the next great change in Picasso’s art.
He grew more somber. He preoccupied with the depiction of reality. His most interesting and important works were “Two Women Running on the Beach/The Race” (1922), “Three Women at the Spring” (1921), and “The Pipes of Pan” (1923).
From 1927 onward, Picasso involved in a new philosophical and cultural movement known as Surrealism. His work became more expressive, and often violent or erotic.
Picasso’s most well-known Surrealist painting is “Guernica.”
The painting was oil on canvas with shades of black, white, and gray. It was regarded as one of the greatest paintings of all time.
Guernica was completed in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. It is an accurate depiction of a cruel, dramatic situation. Nazi German aerial bombers attacked on the Basque town of Guernica on April 26 in1937. After that Picasso outraged his anger by his painting.
“Guernica” remains one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in history.
Picasso made various works for commemorating them .He made sculptures using hard, cold materials such as metal.After that Picasso created The Charnel House in 1945.
He was also closely involved with the Communist Party. Several major pictures from this period, such as War in Korea (1951), made that new allegiance clear.
His married life ended with dancer Olga Khokhlova then.He made a new relationship with Maria Therese Walter.
Later he built his relation with Jacqueline Roque.
He had relations with so many women. Eva Gouel, Marie Therese Walter, Dora Maar,Francoise Gilot were famous among them.He represented his tumultuous personal life well on canvas.
He married two times in his life.He had four children.There names were Claud,Paloma,Maia and Paulo.
Claud and Paloma were Jacqueline”s children.
Actually he married Jacqueline Rouge in his last life on 2nd March 1961.
That time Picasso was around 80 years old.
From 1950 to 1960, Picasso worked on his own versions of canonical masterpieces like Nicolas Poussin, Diego Velazquez, and El Greco. His later paintings were heavily portrait-based and his palettes nearly garished in hue. He also created many ceramic and bronze sculptures in his last life.
Picasso died on 8th April in 1973 in Mougins, France.
Jacqueline(Picasso’s second wife) commited suicide when she was 59 years old in 1886.