Amedeo Modigliani has many important facts to tell you, but in this content, I will only tell you the 21 most important facts of Amedeo Modigliani.
1. Amedeo Modigliani was born in Italy on 12th 1884. At the time of his birth, his father, an Italian Jewish businessman, had declared bankruptcy.
It was said that Modigliani’s actual birth saved his family from ruin. On the day of Modigliani’s birth, creditors came to seize all of their assets. But creditors were not allowed to take the bed of a woman in labor because of ancient law, so the family piled their most valuable belongings on top of her.
2. Since childhood, Modigliani suffered health problems throughout his life. He developed pleurisy at age 11 and caught typhoid fever next year. When he was only 16, he contracted tuberculosis, which became ultimately his cause of death.
3. He was known for drawing and painting since childhood.
His passion for art was highlighted during his bought of typhoid. He began raving during his fever-induced delirium about seeing the old master paintings of Florence.
His mother promised him that she took him to see the paintings herself once he recovered—a promise which she ultimately kept.
4. He was deeply interested in philosophy, having begun the study of the subject as a young child. He was influenced by the writings of Charles Baudelaire, Comte de Lautréamont, and Friedrich Nietzsche.
5. Amedeo Modigliani attempted to enlist in the army when World War I broke out, but he was rejected because of his ongoing poor health.
6. In 1906, When Amedeo Modigliani initially moved to Paris, he presented himself as an academician artist, and former bourgeois. He was reserved, drank only in moderation, and decorated his studio tastefully with old master reproductions. All of this would be starkly at odds with the degenerate, vagabond nature he would come to be known for later in his life.
Amedeo Modigliani’s few Famous Paintings
7. He began studying under the famed sculptor Constantin Brancusi while living and working in Montparnasse and leading him to create a strong body of sculpture in his oeuvre.
8. Modigliani acquired the nickname Modi after moving to Paris. Modi was a play on the French word Maudit, meaning “cursed.”
9. Fellow artists also working in the Montparnasse neighborhood of Paris frequently were the subjects of Modigliani’s stylized portraits, including Jean Cocteau, Juan Gris, Pablo Picasso, and Diego Rivera(Frida Khalo’s husband).
10. Approximately from 1914, the artist’s drug and alcohol abuse increased greatly. Some scholars speculated that this was to compensate for as well as mask tuberculosis, a condition that nearly no one in his life was aware of.
11. Modigliani had completed his first self-portrait in 1915. He depicted himself in his self-portrait as Pierrot, a recognizable character from the Commedia dell’Arte, a clown that was highly associated with the romantic and anguished artist archetype.
12. The art dealer Léopold Zborowski commissioned Modigliani several nudes between 1916 and 1919. He paid Modigliani a day rate of between 15 and 20 francs, supplied models and materials. Léopold Zborowski also allowed him to use his apartment as a studio. These works were considered Modigliani’s most famous.
13. Modigliani spent the maximum time of his life in destitution. He was unsuccessful in selling his work. When finally he sold his work, it was never a high amount. (and most of the money he earned was used to support his substance abuse).
14. Because Modigliani spent much of his career impoverished, some scholars speculated that the stone he used for his sculptures was stolen from city renovation sites in Montparnasse—his series of heads are made from the same type of limestone that was used to refurbish the neighborhood.
15. Modigliani was first introduced to Jeanne Hébuterne. She was an art student and model, by the sculptor Chana Orloff.
They shortly thereafter moved in together and have a daughter, Jeanne Modigliani. Jeanne Modigliani was an Italian-French Jewish art historian. Jeanne Modigliani was mostly known for her biographical research on her father, artist Amedeo Modigliani.
16. Modigliani had his first and only solo exhibition in 1917.
It was heard that a police officer passing by was so scandalized by his nude paintings. Then the show was forced to close mere hours after its opening for proclaimed indecency.
17. Some sources claimed that the outrage and early closure of his solo exhibition was not due to the stylization of his work or the nudity, but rather the presence of pubic hair in his paintings of women.
18. Beginning of 1918, Modigliani and Jeanne Hébuterne spent a year in France and developed a strong social circle that included Pablo Picasso and Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
19. Jeanne Hébuterne was Modigliani’s fiancée then. She was eight months pregnant with their second child when he died on January 24, 1920.
The next day, devastated by his passing, she committed suicide from the fifth-floor window of her parent’s home and killed both herself and the unborn child.
20. It was not until nearly a decade after Amedeo Modigliani and Hébuterne’s(his wife) death that Hébuterne’s family allowed her to be reinterred in Père Lachaise Cemetery next to him; a single tombstone marks both their graves.
21. A vast number of Modigliani’s work was lost. Much of the artist’s early work was self-destroyed, deemed it immature, and the product of his previous life as a “dirty bourgeois.”
Some works were abandoned during his frequent relocations, and others were given to a number of love interests who didn’t keep them.